In 1966, Congress enacted Republic Act 4864 otherwise known as the Police Act of 1966 to provide the foundation for the much needed police reforms in the country. It created the POLICE COMMISSION (Polcom) “to achieve and attain a higher degree of efficiency in the organization, administration and operation of local police agencies; and to place the local police service on a professional level.”
Since 1966, the Commission had undergone changes in its organizational structure. It was reorganized in 1972 as the National Police Commission (Napolcom). Originally under the Office of the President, it was transferred to the Ministry of National Defense in 1975 by virtue of Presidential Decree 765, known as the Police Integration Law. This Decree also established the Integrated National Police (INP) with the Philippine Constabulary (PC) as the nucleus. Ten (10) years later in 1985, it was returned to the Office of the President pursuant to Executive Order No. 1040. In 1989, Executive Order No. 379 placed the INP directly under the “command, supervision and control of the President.”
The same executive order vested the National Police Commission with the powers of administrative control and supervision over the INP. With the passage of Republic Act No. 6975 on December 13, 1990, the Philippine National Police (PNP) was established under a reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). A new National Police Commission was created within the DILG “ for the purpose of effectively discharging the functions prescribe in the Constitution and provided in the Act.”
On February 25, 1998, Congress passed into law Republic Act No. 8551 otherwise known as the “Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998“ thus, amending RA 6975. This Act strengthened and expanded the Commission’s authority over the PNP to include administration of police entrance examination, conduct of pre-charge investigation against police anomalies and irregularities and summary dismissal of erring police members.